Physics, a fundamental and quantitative science, involves the study of matter and energy, and interactions between them. The subject is generally divided into mechanics, electricity and magnetism, statistical and thermal physics, and quantum physics. These form the foundation for present-day research areas, which include astrophysics, atomic, molecular and optical physics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, and the physics of particles and fields. In addition to a knowledge of physics, students gain a rigorous training in logical thinking and quantitative problem solving. An education in physics can also provide an entry into many other fields such as biophysics, geophysics, medical physics, and engineering, as well as into less technical fields such as secondary education, technical sales, and science writing. Many students have also found that physics is an excellent preparation for the study of medicine, dentistry, or law.

The preferred introductory sequence for a major in physics, common to all physics degree programs, consists of PHYS 1600Q Introduction to Modern Physics, PHYS 1601Q Fundamentals of Physics I, and PHYS 1602Q Fundamentals of Physics II. There are two options for the Bachelor of Science degree in physics:

- the general option for students seeking to further their physics studies in graduate school and/or a career in research, and
- the applied option, for students seeking graduate study in another field, medicine or dentistry, or a technical career in industry.

The Bachelor of Arts degree in physics is ideal for pre-medical, pre-dental, or pre-veterinary students, students seeking double majors, or students seeking a middle or high school teaching career. There is also a Bachelor of Science in Engineering Physics offered jointly with the College of Engineering with possible emphases on Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, or Materials Science and Engineering. There is also a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics-Physics that is offered jointly with the Department of Mathematics.

Students satisfy the information literacy competency exit requirements in both the Physics B.S. and B.A. degrees by passing PHYS 2300 The Development of Quantum Physics and PHYS 2501W Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory. The University’s writing in the major requirement is achieved by passing PHYS 2501W Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory. PHYS 4096W Research Thesis in Physics may be taken as well.

Students satisfy the information literacy competency exit requirements in both the Physics B.S. and B.A. degrees by passing PHYS 2300 The Development of Quantum Physics
and PHYS 2501W Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory
. The University’s writing in the major requirement is achieved by passing PHYS 2501W Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory. PHYS 4096W Research Thesis in Physics
may be taken as well.

## Physics - General Option (BS)

Required physics courses must include:

Course List
Course |
Title |
Credits |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3202 | Electricity and Magnetism II | 3 |

PHYS 3300 | Statistical and Thermal Physics | 3 |

PHYS 3401 | Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

| 3 |

| Electronics | |

| Modern Experimental Methods | |

| Optics | |

| 12 |

Total Credits | 37 |

It is strongly recommended that students going on to graduate school in physics take PHYS 3402 Quantum Mechanics II. All students are strongly encouraged to participate in an undergraduate research project. An experimental research project (PHYS 3989 Undergraduate Research or PHYS 4096W Research Thesis in Physics) may count towards the advanced laboratory requirement. No more than six credits from PHYS 4099 Independent Study may be counted towards this degree option. The general option for the Bachelor of Science degree requires a minimum of 12 credits from 2000-level or above related courses in mathematics, other sciences, or engineering.

## Physics - Applied Option (BS)

Required physics courses must include:

Course List
Course |
Title |
Credits |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3300 | Statistical and Thermal Physics | 3 |

^{1} | 9 |

| Electronics | |

| Modern Experimental Methods | |

| Principles of Lasers | |

| Optics | |

| Introduction to Solid State Physics | |

| Nuclei and Particles | |

| Stars and Compact Objects | |

| Galaxies and the Interstellar Medium |

Total Credits | 25 |

These courses involve the application of the basic physics subjects; i.e. mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and quantum mechanics, in the introduction to the major subfields of physics. All students are strongly encouraged to participate in an undergraduate research project. An experimental research project (PHYS 3989 Undergraduate Research or PHYS 4096W Research Thesis in Physics) may count towards the advanced laboratory requirement.

The applied option for the Bachelor of Science degree requires six credits of 2000-level or above PHYS electives, plus a minimum of 12 credits from 2000-level or above related courses in mathematics, other sciences, or engineering, and an additional six credits of either 2000-level or above PHYS electives or 2000-level or above related courses in mathematics, other sciences, or engineering.

## Physics (BA)

Required physics courses must include:

Course List
Course |
Title |
Credits |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3300 | Statistical and Thermal Physics | 3 |

| 9 |

Total Credits | 25 |

No more than six credits from PHYS 4099 Independent Study may be counted towards this degree. The Bachelor of Arts degree requires a minimum of 12 credits from 2000-level or above related courses in mathematics, other sciences, or engineering.

## Mathematics-Physics (BS)

The B.S. degree in Mathematics-Physics may be completed by following either track A, which has a physics emphasis, or track B, which has a mathematics emphasis. Students in track A should choose an advisor from the Physics Department, and those in Track B should choose an advisor from the Mathematics Department. Mathematics.

In either track, the writing in the major and information literacy competencies are met using PHYS 2501W Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory.

### Mathematics-Physics Major Track A (Physics Emphasis)

Course List Course | Title | Credits |

| |

| 10-16 |

| Multivariable Calculus | |

or MATH 2130Q | |

| Advanced Calculus III |

| Applied Linear Algebra | |

| Elementary Differential Equations | |

or MATH 2420Q | |

| Advanced Calculus I | |

| Advanced Calculus II | |

| Advanced Calculus III | |

| Advanced Calculus IV | |

MATH 3146 | Introduction to Complex Variables | 3 |

MATH 3410 | Differential Equations for Applications | 3 |

MATH 3510 | Numerical Analysis I | 3 |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3202 | Electricity and Magnetism II | 3 |

PHYS 3300 | Statistical and Thermal Physics | 3 |

PHYS 3401 | Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

| 9 |

Total Credits | 50-56 |

### Mathematics-Physics Major Track B (Mathematics Emphasis)

Course List Course | Title | Credits |

| 16-21 |

| Multivariable Calculus | |

or MATH 2130Q | |

| Advanced Calculus III |

| Applied Linear Algebra | |

| Elementary Differential Equations | |

or MATH 2420Q | |

| Transition to Advanced Mathematics | |

| Advanced Calculus I and Advanced Calculus II |

| Introduction to Complex Variables | |

| Advanced Calculus I | |

| Advanced Calculus II | |

| Advanced Calculus III | |

| Advanced Calculus IV | |

| Introduction to Complex Variables | |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3202 | Electricity and Magnetism II | 3 |

PHYS 3401 | Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

| 3 |

| Computational Physics | |

| Mathematical Methods for the Physical Sciences | |

| Mechanics II | |

| Electronics | |

| Statistical and Thermal Physics | |

| Modern Experimental Methods | |

| Undergraduate Research | |

| Foreign Study | |

| Special Topics | |

| Research Thesis in Physics | |

| Variable Topics | |

| Independent Study | |

| Physics of the Earth's Interior | |

| Fundamentals of Planetary Science | |

| Principles of Lasers | |

| Optics | |

| Introduction to Solid State Physics | |

| Nuclei and Particles | |

| Stars and Compact Objects | |

| Galaxies and the Interstellar Medium | |

| General Relativity and Cosmology | |

| Advanced Methods in Astrophysics | |

PHYS 4900 | | |

| 12 |

| Analysis I | |

| Introduction to Modern Analysis |

| Analysis II | |

| Probability | |

| Abstract Linear Algebra | |

| Abstract Algebra I | |

| Advanced Abstract Algebra |

| Elements of Topology | |

| Introduction to Geometry and Topology |

| Differential Geometry | |

| Differential Equations for Applications | |

Total Credits | 50-55 |

## Engineering Physics (BS or BSE)

*Offered jointly by the Physics Department of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Engineering.*

Students choose the college/school that they wish to graduate from and must satisfy the course requirements of either the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences or the College of Engineering to complete their degree. Students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences will earn a Bachelor of Science degree, and Students in the College of Engineering will earn a Bachelor of Science in Engineering degree.

### Requirements

Course List Course | Title | Credits |

PHYS 2300 | The Development of Quantum Physics | 3 |

PHYS 3101 | Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3201 | Electricity and Magnetism I | 3 |

PHYS 3202 | Electricity and Magnetism II | 3 |

PHYS 2501W | Advanced Undergraduate Laboratory | 4 |

PHYS 3401 | Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

PHYS 3300 | Statistical and Thermal Physics | 3 |

| 6 |

CSE 1010 | Introduction to Computing for Engineers | 3 |

ENGR 1000 | Orientation to Engineering | 1 |

ENGR 1166 | Foundations of Engineering | 3 |

ENGR 4001 | Multidisciplinary Engineering Design I | 3 |

ENGR 4002W | Multidisciplinary Engineering Design II | 3 |

MSE 2001 | Introduction to Structure, Properties, and Processing of Materials I | 3 |

or MSE 2101 | Materials Science and Engineering I |

MSE 2002 | Introduction to Structure, Properties, and Processing of Materials II | 3 |

or MSE 2102 | Materials Science and Engineering II |

CE 2110 | Applied Mechanics I | 3 |

CE 3110 | Mechanics of Materials | 3 |

CE 3120 | Fluid Mechanics | 4 |

CHEG 2103 | Introduction to Chemical Engineering | 3 |

ECE 2001 | Electrical Circuits | 4 |

| 3-4 |

| Applied Thermodynamics of Materials | |

| Thermodynamic Principles | |

| Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I | |

| 9 |

MATH 2110Q & MATH 2410Q | Multivariable Calculus and Elementary Differential Equations | 7 |

STAT 3025Q | Statistical Methods | 3 |

Total Credits | 86-87 |

## University General Education Requirements

Every student must meet a set of core requirements to earn a baccalaureate degree, in addition to those required by the student's major course of study and other requirements set by the student's school or college. For more information about these requirements, please see General Education Requirements.

## College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Degree Requirements

Students must meet a set of requirements established by the college in addition to the University's General Education requirements. For more information, see the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences section of this catalog.