Anthropology (ANTH)

Head of Department: Professor Pamela I. Erickson

Department Office: Room 438, Beach Hall

Major requirements

1000. Other People’s Worlds

Three credits.

A survey of the development, contributions, and contemporary social problems of selected non-Euroamerican peoples and cultures. CA 2. CA 4-INT.

1000W. Other People’s Worlds

Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011. CA 2. CA-4-INT.

1001W. Anthropology through Film

Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

An introduction to cultural anthropology, approached through the medium of ethnographic film. Particular attention is given to how films represent humans’ varied beliefs and behavior. CA 1. CA 4-INT.

1006. Introduction to Anthropology

Three credits. Two class periods and one 1-hour discussion.

The biological and cultural development of humans from their origin to the present. A brief survey of human evolution is followed by a comparative study of behavior and beliefs of our own and other societies. CA 2. CA 4-INT.

1010. Global Climate Change and Human Societies

Three credits.

A multidisciplinary examination of the nature, anthropogenic drivers, range of expressions, and impacts of contemporary and future global climate change as well as cultural understandings of this significant environmental process and diverse human responses to it. CA 2. CA 4-INT.

1093. Foreign Study

Credits and hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Consent of Department Head is required before departure. May count toward the major with the consent of the advisor. May be repeated for credit (to a maximum of 17).

Special topics taken in a foreign study program.

1095. Special Topics Lecture

Credits, prerequisites, and hours as determined by the Senate Curricula and Courses Committee. May be repeated for credit with a change in topic.

1500. Great Discoveries in Archaeology

Three credits.

Survey of important discoveries in archaeology spanning the whole of human prehistory across the globe. Current issues, methods, and techniques in the field of archaeology. CA 2. CA 4-INT.

2000. Social Anthropology

Three credits.

Comparative study of social structure including an analysis of kinship, marriage, community organization, political and economic institutions, and the role of the individual in these institutions. CA 2. CA 4.

2000W. Social Anthropology

Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011. CA 2. CA 4.

2400. Honors Core: Analyzing Religion

Three credits. Recommended for first-year and sophomore students in the Honors Program; open to all.

An introduction to religion from interdisciplinary and cross-cultural perspectives. Theories, analytic frameworks, and critiques. Religious orientations. Components of religion. The science-and-religion debate. CA 2. CA 4-INT.

2501. Introduction to Archaeology

Three credits.

The concepts, methods and practice of anthropological archaeology.

2502. Human Evolution

Three credits.

The processes and events leading to the origin of human beings. Human physical and cultural development from its beginning to the dawn of settled life, through the approaches of physical anthropology and archaeology.

2510. Methods in Maritime Archaeology

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 2501.

Methods and techniques in underwater archaeology covering both maritime (ships, ports, etc.) and submerged settlements archaeology. Overview of the aqueous environment, underwater archaeological methods, geophysical/geotechnical surveying and data interpretation, diver and ROV-based documentation and excavation techniques survey methods.

3002. Culture, Language, and Thought

Three credits.

Anthropological contributions to the study of language, culture, and their relationship. Topics include the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis and the application of cognitive anthropological methods and theory to the study of folk classification systems.

3003. Field Research in Social Settings

Three credits. Prerequisite: ANTH 1000 or ANTH 1006.

Methods and techniques of field research in social settings, including observational procedures, interviewing, and the construction and use of questionnaires.

3004. Cultural Research

Variable (one to three) credits.

The theoretical foundations and basic methods used to collect and analyze cultural data.

3021. Contemporary Latin America

(Also offered as LLAS 3021.) Three credits.

Survey of anthropological contributions to the study of contemporary Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Hispanic Caribbean. Special focus on the comparative analysis of recent ethnographic case studies and local/regional/national/international linkages.

3026. Peoples and Cultures of North America

Three credits.

A survey of representative Native American cultures as they existed prior to the twentieth century, together with a view of the changing life of modern Native Americans.

3027. Contemporary Native Americans

Three credits.

Analysis of Native American reservations and urban communities and their relationship to the larger U.S. society. Special focus on federal policy and economic development, cultural identity, and politics of Native Americans.

3028. Indigenous Rights and Aboriginal Australia

(Also offered as HRTS 3028.) Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 2000.

An introduction to the study and understanding of Aboriginal ways of life and thought. An exploration of the complexity of contemporary indigenous social orders and land rights issues. CA 4-INT.

3028W. Indigenous Rights and Aboriginal Australia

(Also offered as HRTS 3028W.) Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011. Recommended preparation: ANTH 2000. CA 4-INT.

3029. The Caribbean

(Also offered as LLAS 3029.) Three credits.

Comparative perspectives on the cultural formation of Caribbean societies; the region’s demographic, economic and political links with the wider world.

3030. Peoples of the Pacific Islands

Three credits.

Survey of the indigenous societies and cultures of the Pacific Islands, from the first settlement to the postcolonial period. Topics include prehistoric canoe voyaging, modes of subsistence, political forms, ritual and religion, ceremonial exchange, gender ideologies, European colonization, and modern indigenous nationalism. Ethnographic examples will be drawn from Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. CA 4-INT.

3038. Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East

Three credits.

Selected social and cultural features of past and contemporary Middle Eastern social forms, and the origins and varieties of Western perceptions of these features.

3041. Latin American Minorities in the United States

(Also offered as LLAS 3241.) Three credits.

Emphasis on groups of Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban origin, including treatment and historical background, social stratification, informal social relations, ethnic perceptions, relations and the concept of Latino identity.

3042. Contemporary Mexico

Three credits.

Analysis and interpretation of interrelated economic, political and cultural processes in the contemporary social life of Mexico and the U.S.-Mexico borderland. Draws broadly on the social science literature with a special focus on anthropological contributions.

3090. Directed Field Research in Anthropology

Course may be repeated, but credits may not exceed 12 by graduation. Hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: ANTH 3003 or instructor consent.

The investigation of a sociocultural and/or archaeological problem in some domestic or foreign field location.

3093. Foreign Study

Credits and hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Consent of Department Head required, normally to be granted prior to the student’s departure. May count toward the major with consent of the advisor. May be repeated for credit.

Special topics taken in a foreign study program.

3095. Special Topics

Credits and hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Open only with consent of instructor. With a change of content, may be repeated for credit.

3098. Variable Topics

Three credits. Prerequisites, required preparation, and recommended preparation vary. With a change in topic, may be repeated for credit.

3099. Independent Study

Credits and hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Open only with consent of instructor. With a change in content, may be repeated for credit.

3120. Anthropology of Capitalism

Three credits.

Ethnographic approaches to classic and contemporary debates about capitalism’s transformation of sociocultural dynamics.

3150. Migration

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1000 or ANTH 1006.

The social, cultural and economic causes and consequences of internal and international migration in the modern era. Topics include migrant selection, social adaptation, effects on home and host societies, and cultural identity. CA 4.

3150W. Migration

Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1000 or ANTH 1006. CA 4.

3152. Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism

(Also offered as AFRA 3152.) Three credits.

Popular and scholarly theories of human group identity and diversity, in cross-cultural and historical perspective. Topics include: an overview of ‘race’ and ‘ethnicity’ in Western thought, ethnic group formation and transformation, political mobilizations of group identity, and systems of inequality. CA 2. CA 4.

3153W. Human Rights in Democratizing Countries

(Also offered as HRTS 3153W.) Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open only with consent of instructor.

Human rights, political violence, political and legal anthropology, prosecutions of human rights offenders, truth and memory, reconciliation, international justice. CA 4-INT.

3200. Human Behavioral Ecology

Three credits.

The application of the theory of natural selection to the study of human culture and behavior, with emphasis on the interaction between humans and their environment.

3202W. Illness and Curing

Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

Cross-cultural analysis of ethnomedicine, major medical systems, alternative medical systems, curing and healing illness and social control, gender and healing, and the role of traditional and cosmopolitan medical systems in international health. CA 4.

3250. Cognitive Anthropology

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 3002.

The study of how the content of thought or knowledge is created, organized, and distributed in human communities. Topics include cultural models of the mind, emotions, personality, and relationships.

3251. Psychological Anthropology

Three credits.

Cross-cultural overview of critical issues regarding the relationship between individual personality and sociocultural systems, and mental health and illness.

3300. Medical Anthropology

Three credits.

An introduction to the theory, method, and content of medical anthropology.

3302. Medical Ecology

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 3300.

Anthropological perspectives on the interrelationships among culture, biology, environment, and disease. Major topics include ecology and adaptation, population dynamics, nutrition, reproduction, disease in sociological context, health seeking behavior, and the complexity of the interaction of western and non-western medical systems.

3304. Anthropology of Drug Use

Three credits.

Uses the anthropological lens to examine the intersection of societies, cultures and psychoactive substances based on a historically informed, cross-cultural, ethnographic and political economic perspective on drug use and related behaviors.

3309. Violence and Human Rights

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher.

Violence and human rights as cultural constructs; human rights claims; war, genocide, terrorism, street crime, domestic violence; deterrence and intervention policy.

3325. Introduction to Global Health

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher.

Anthropological perspectives on public health in a globalized world, health inequalities within and across countries; diverse social, cultural, and other determinants of global health; pressing global health issues; organizational players involved in addressing global health issues.

3326. Global Health and Human Rights

(Also offered as HRTS 3326.) Three credits.

Theories, methods and controversies in the interconnected fields of global health and human rights.

3327. Power and Health in Latin America and the Caribbean

(Also offered as HRTS 3327 and LLAS 3327.) Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher.

History, theories, and concepts about the human right to health and structural inequalities in the region.

3339. Cultural Designs for Sustainability

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher.

Correspondences among cultural institution design, collective action failure and success, and cultural resilience.

3340. Culture and Conservation

(Also offered as EVST 3340.) Three credits.

Interdisciplinary analysis of conservation and the human-environment relationship from a cross-cultural perspective. Major topics include sustainability, environmental ethics, climate change, natural disasters, health, and environmental justice.

3350. Anthropological Perspectives on Women

(Also offered as WGSS 3350.) Three credits.

Major conceptual and historical problems in the study of gender in anthropology. Women’s roles in different historical and contemporary settings, and new understandings of family, kinship, power, and cultural ideologies.

3351. Sex and Gender

Three credits.

Cross-cultural and interdisciplinary analysis of biological sex, gender, sex roles, and sexuality.

3400. Culture and Religion

Three credits. Prerequisite: ANTH 1000 or 1006.

Major theories and approaches in the study of religion as a social institution and cultural system. Topics include myth, ritual, taboos and pollution beliefs, shamanism, magical practices, fundamentalism and religion in modern society.

3401. World Religions

Three credits.

A survey of religious belief systems, both polytheistic and monotheistic, from around the world. CA 1. CA 4-INT.

3402. Women in the Bible

(Also offered as WGSS 3402.) Three credits.

An introduction to Biblical interpretation from a feminist perspective, examining how women are represented in the Hebrew Scriptures and the New Testament. Issues of authorship, translation, point of view, cultural context and language.

3403. Women and Religion

(Also offered as WGSS 3403.) Three credits.

Gender issues in the world’s religions. Survey of women’s theological standing, ritual activities and participation in a cross-cultural sample of religions, both monotheistic and polytheistic.

3405. Religion and Mind

Three credits.

Cognitive and evolutionary anthropological perspectives on the mental underpinnings of religious thought and behavior.

3450W. Anthropological Perspectives on Art

Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

Approaches to cultural creativity and aesthetics in the graphic and plastic arts of pre-state societies. Examples from North America, Oceania, and Africa. CA 1.

3503. Old World Prehistory

Three credits.

The origin of humanity in Africa, hunters and gatherers of the Paleolithic, the origins of agriculture and the transition to settled life, and the emergence of civilizations in Africa, Asia and the Near East.

3506W. Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology

Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

The analysis, interpretation, and presentation of archaeological data sets including lithics, ceramics, floral and faunal remains and spatial information from excavated sites.

3512. African Prehistory

Three credits.

The African archaeological record from first artifacts to historic times. The stone age, the domestication of crops, the ways of life of early herding societies, the development of metal working, and the rise of early African kingdoms.

3513. Near Eastern Prehistory

(Also offered as HIST 3300.) Three credits.

From the earliest hunter-gatherers to the rise of the state: the transition from food gathering to food production and the development of complex societies in the Near East.

3514. European Prehistory

Three credits.

Interdisciplinary survey of the archaeological, biological, cultural, and behavioral evolution of prehistoric humans and their societies across Europe and portions of western Asia.

3515. Ancient Civilizations of the Old World

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1006 or 1500.

Examination of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and sub-Saharan Africa. Theories explaining the development and collapse of early state-level societies are critically considered.

3522. Ecological Anthropology Seminar

Three credits.

Interdisciplinary study of the ecology of humans, integrating ecological and anthropological theory with archaeological, historical, and contemporary case-studies.

3522W. Ecological Anthropology Seminar

Three credits. Prerequisite: ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

3523. The Origins of Agriculture

Three credits.

The origins and spread of agriculture worldwide. Economic, social, and ideological ramifications of the agricultural transition. Processes of plant and animal domestication.

3531. Maritime Archaeology of the Americas

(Also offered as HIST 3209 and MAST 3531.) Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1500, 2501, 2510, or HIST 3544.

Archaeological and historical sources to examine the development of seafaring practices, exploration, waterborne trade and economic systems, naval warfare and shipbuilding in the Americas from the fifteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century.

3532. Archaeology of the Age of Sail

(Also offered as HIST 3210 and MAST 3532.) Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1500, 2501, or 2510.

Overview of archaeological and historical sources one the development of seafaring and navigation, exploration, waterborne trade and economic systems, colonialism and empire building, naval warfare and shipbuilding in Europe, Asia and Australia from the fifteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century.

3555. Archaeological Science

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher. Consent of instructor required.

Survey of scientific methods used to answer archaeological questions. Methods, applications and lab demonstrations.

3560. The Evolution of Human Diet

Three credits.

Investigation of ecological, anatomical, and physiological aspects that shaped the biological and cultural evolution of humans from the Pliocene to the Anthropocene.

3701. Lithic Technology

Three credits.

The properties of stone tools – the primary evidence of human behavior for humanity’s first 2.5 million years – and the processes of their manufacture. Analysis of prehistoric tools and tool replication.

3702. Human Osteology

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 2502.

Human skeletal anatomy from an evolutionary and functional perspective. Identification and interpretation of bones of the human skeleton, methods for aging, sexing, and identifying pathologies.

3703. Zooarchaeological Method and Theory

Three credits.

Method and theory of archaeological faunal analysis, including training in the identification of skeletal materials, the formation of the zooarchaeological record, and the interpretation of zooarchaeological data.

3704W. Experimental Archaeology

Prerequisite: ANTH 2501; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

Method and theory of experimental archaeology, including hands-on study of past human behavior through experimentation with modern material culture, and the execution of an experimental research project addressing an archaeological question.

3705. Paleoanthropology

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 2501, 2502, or 3503.

Fossil evidence for the evolution of the human family, Hominidae. Anatomical features, behavior, and evolutionary relationships of extinct hominids; the use of biological, geological, and archaeological evidence to reconstruct past hominid adaptations.

3706. Archaeobotany

Three credits. One hour lecture followed by a two hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Instructor consent required.

Method and theory of studying archaeological plant remains in the laboratory, including sampling, identification, and interpretation of data.

3720. Lab Methods in Archaeological and Forensic Science

One credit. Consent of instructor required. Repeatable to a maximum of three credits.

Introduction to scientific lab methods used in archaeology and forensics. Includes three standalone modules, each dedicated to a different method. Each module consists of 15 contact hours comprising labs and lectures and takes place during a single weekend.

3902. North American Prehistory

Three credits.

Prehistoric cultures of North America from the earliest traces to European contact, with emphasis on the region east of the Mississippi. CA 4.

3904. Ethnohistory of Native New England

Three credits.

Combines archaeological and ethnohistorical data to reconstruct the lifeways of the Native Americans of New England from the prehistoric period to the present. CA 4.

3990. Field Work in Archaeology

Variable credits. Prerequisite: Open only with consent of instructor.

Training in the techniques of archaeological site excavation; mapping; recording; field conservation, and preliminary analysis of materials.

4001W. The Development of Anthropological Theory

Three credits. Prerequisite: ANTH 2000; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011. Recommended for seniors.

Historical and contemporary theories in social and cultural anthropology.

4510. The Neanderthals

Three credits. Recommended preparation: ANTH 1500, 2501, or 2502.

An interdisciplinary consideration of the biological, cultural, technological, and behavioral evolution of the Neanderthals and their societies.

4801. Quantitative Methods for Archaeologists

Three credits.

Quantitative methods appropriate to the analysis of artifact data, radiocarbon dating, and the spatial distribution of sites.

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