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1000E. Environmental Science

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: RHAG students cannot take more than 22 credits of 1000 level courses

Grading Basis: Graded

An introduction to basic concepts and areas of environmental concern and how these problems can be effectively addressed. Topics include human population; ecological principles; conservation of biological resources; biodiversity; croplands, rangelands, forestlands; soil and water conservation; pollution and water management; and wildlife and fisheries conservation. CA 3.

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1235E. Environmental Conservation

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: RHAG students cannot take more than 22 credits of 1000 level courses

Grading Basis: Graded

Overview of the history of natural resource use and environmental conservation policy development from prehistoric to present times. Examination of the emergence of the 20th century conservation movement in North America and the transition to the environmental movement is used to highlight recurring environmental issue themes such as: private ownership vs. public trust doctrine; commercial trade in natural resources; development vs. protection; sustainability; and the role of society and governments in regulation. Through selected readings and case studies, students are challenged to begin development of their personal ethics regarding the development, conservation and protection of the environment. CA 1.

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2000. Introduction to Geomatics

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Principles and applications of geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning system (GPS), and remote sensing. Students will be provided with the scientific knowledge and technical skills needed to collect and use spatial data effectively in a GIS. SM- 4/29/13

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2010. Natural Resources Measurements

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences majors, or by instructor consent.

Grading Basis: Graded

Principles and instrumentation used in the measurement of environmental conditions and processes. Field trips required.

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2215. Introduction to Water Resources

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to sophomores or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 1000 and GSCI 1050.

Grading Basis: Graded

Introduction to surface and ground water resource assessment, development and management. Integration of scientific, legal, environmental and human factors that enter into developing and maintaining sustainable water resources. Examines current and future plight of water shortages and water quality issues here and abroad. Requires two field trips (two virtual field trips if taken online).

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2345. Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

An introduction to the basic principles used in the management of wildlife and fish populations, their habitats and ecosystems, and their human stewards. Students will be introduced to the fundamental concepts, topics, and skill sets that are commonly needed in the wildlife and fisheries profession.

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2415. Dendrology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: BIOL 1108 or 1110. Cannot be taken after passing NRE 3500 or 4475.

Grading Basis: Graded

The taxonomy, silvics, and distribution of trees and shrubs of the United States with emphasis upon Northeastern species. Field trips will be required.

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2455. Forest Ecology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: NRE 2415, which may be taken concurrently.

Grading Basis: Graded

Forest structure and functional processes and their relation to physical environment (light, temperature, water, soil); the influence of time (succession, disturbance, stand dynamics) and space (landscape ecology, ecosystem management). Laboratory will be in the field or computer lab.

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2600. Global Sustainable Natural Resources

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Sustainable management of natural resources across cultural, political, and ecological boundaries. Topics include marine and fresh waters, forests, food production, and urban development. CA 4-INT.

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3000. Human Dimensions of Natural Resources

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Understanding the diverse perspectives of stakeholder groups involved in natural resources management. Analysis of decision-making behaviors based on social, psychological, and motivational factors; communication tools for working with stakeholder groups; and conflict resolution will be covered.

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3105. Wetlands Biology and Conservation

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended Preparation: BIOL 1107 or 1108 or consent of instructor.

Grading Basis: Graded

Principal wetland habitats of North America are surveyed, and the relationship of wildlife associations to biological and physical features of wetlands is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on issues relating to wetlands conservation and management. Requires one weekend field trip.

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3115. Air Pollution

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3145 or 3146.

Grading Basis: Graded

The atmospheric effects and controls of air pollution and air quality, air pollution emissions and assessments, and impacts of atmospheric air pollutants.

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3125. Watershed Hydrology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 2010.

Grading Basis: Graded

Fundamental hydrologic processes, water balances, precipitation analyses, infiltration, soil water, evapotranspiration, open channel flow, discharge measurements, and analysis, flow frequencies, ground water-surface water interactions, runoff processes and prediction. Problem oriented course requiring use of computer spreadsheets.

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3145. Meteorology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

A survey course in meteorology at the introductory level covering weather and climate processes.

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3146. Climatology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Fundamentals of climatology: elements, processes, and mechanisms that govern or affect the climate and climate change, climatological theories and observations, climate across spatial and temporal scales, scientific methods for climatic analysis and applications.

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3155. Water Quality Management

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRME 3125 or 4165.

Grading Basis: Graded

An introduction to all aspects of water quality problems relating to the many beneficial uses of water, including the physical, chemical, and biological properties.

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3201. Conservation Law Enforcement

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Basic pre-professional course for majors in natural resource conservation and related disciplines. Recommended for persons considering a career in wildlife, fisheries, law enforcement, or other natural resource conservation and management disciplines.

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3205. Stream Ecology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: BIOL 1108 or equivalent.

Grading Basis: Graded

A broad overview of stream ecology will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on types of lotic habitats and the diversity and community patterns of organisms which inhabit them. Adaptations to life in running water and energy flow in stream ecosystems will also be discussed. Efforts targeted at the conservation of streams will be integrated throughout the semester. One or more field trips required.

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3245. Environmental Law

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

An overview of environmental law including the common law principles of nuisance, negligence, and trespass. Students will become acquainted with legal research techniques; emphasis will be on federal, state, and municipal programs addressing clear air, clean water, hazardous waste, inland wetlands, coastal zone management, and prime agricultural farm land and aquifer protection.

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3255. Environmental Science and Policy in the Tropics

Also offered as: ENVS 3255

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Taught in Costa Rica. Evaluation of the conservation and management of natural resources using tools and perspectives relevant to both the natural and social sciences. Students are introduced to issues and problems in environmental science and conservation biology under three main themes: social and political history of Costa Rica as a case study of the neotropics, tropical ecosystem management, and the global environment. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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3265. Sustainable Urban Ecosystems

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: prior coursework in environmental conservation.

Grading Basis: Graded

Evaluating the state of the knowledge about natural resources in urban systems from the perspectives of natural science and social science. Exploring the complexity of managing ecosystems in and in relation to urban environments.

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3305. African Field Ecology & Renewable Resources Management

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: EEB 2244

Grading Basis: Graded

An intensive, field oriented methods course conducted primarily in South Africa at the Basil Kent Field Station, Great Fish River Reserve in collaboration with the University of Fort Hare. An introduction to South Africa culture and history, ecology, and natural resources is provided in weekly meetings during the semester. This is followed by three weeks in the field in South Africa. Topics covered include vegetation and faunal surveys, data collection and analysis, biodiversity monitoring, and conservation management. A research paper relating to an independent study conducted by the student in the field is required. CA 4-INT.

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3335. Wildlife Management

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2345. Recommended preparation: Prior course work in ecology.

Grading Basis: Graded

Brief review of wildlife conservation and ecological principles; management of wetlands, farmlands, rangelands, and forest lands for wildlife; programs dealing with exotic, urban, nongame, and endangered wildlife; contemporary economic, administrative, and policy aspects of management. GEOC

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3345. Wildlife Management Techniques

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2345; open to junior or higher Natural Resources majors, others by instructor consent. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100; MATH 1060, and MATH 1110 or higher; and EEB 2244.

Grading Basis: Graded

Design and implementation of projects for wildlife research and monitoring that address conservation and management issues. Topics include capture and handling of animals, population estimation, wildlife-habitat relationships, resource selection, and space use. This course is designed for pre-professional students and meets professional certification requirements. One or more field trips will be required.

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3345W. Wildlife Management Techniques

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2345; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open to junior or higher Natural Resource majors, others by instructor consent. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100; MATH 1060 and MATH 1110 or higher; and EEB 2244.

Grading Basis: Graded

Design and implementation of projects for wildlife research and monitoring that address conservation and management issues. Topics include capture and handling of animals, population estimation, wildlife-habitat relationships, resource selection, and space use. This course is designed for pre-professional students and meets professional certification requirements. One or more field trips will be required.

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3365. Private Lands Wildlife Management

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: One 2000 level or above course in ecology or wildlife management; open to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Companion course for Public Lands Wildlife Management (NRE 3355). Provides practical experience and acquaintance with persons or groups managing wildlife resources on private properties such as nature preserves, land trusts, non-governmental organizations, farms, recreational clubs, commercial shooting preserves and propagation facilities. Appreciation for private land management options, economic realities and other challenges, plus ability to assess resource potentials on private land, are stressed. Field trips required.

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3385W. Fisheries Techniques

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: STAT 1000 or higher, ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open to juniors or higher Natural Resources majors, others with instructor consent.

Grading Basis: Graded

Techniques used in fisheries science to manage and conserve wild populations of fishes (and select bivalves and crustaceans). Topics include sampling design, gear selection, gear bias, animal capture and handling, habitat measurement and characterization, population estimation, commonly used data analyses, and scientific report writing. Laboratory meetings are often held outside at local waterbodies. Course is designed as a pre-professional experience for students interested in fisheries careers, and counts towards individual certification requirements set by the American Fisheries Society.

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3390. South African Ecosystems and Diversity

Also offered as: EEB 3390

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Taught in South Africa. Understanding South Africa's diverse ecosystems with an emphasis on savannas. Classroom instruction and fieldwork in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Form and function of individual organisms and ecosystems. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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3425. Fundamentals of Arboriculture

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: NRE 2415.

Grading Basis: Graded

Theory, science, and practice of evaluating, growing, managing and safe removal of trees within or in built environments. Laboratories are field-based and will take place in outdoor conditions. Taught with SANR 325.

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3490. Conservation, Biodiversity, Management, and Protected Area Design in South Africa

Also offered as: EEB 3490

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Study abroad in South Africa. History of conservation biology as a science and practice. Emphasis on the links between pattern and process, strategies and tools available to conservationists to maintain biodiversity; the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and debates on the maintenance of biodiversity in human-dominated landscapes. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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3500. Exurban Silviculture

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2415; recommended preparation: NRE 2455.

Grading Basis: Graded

Application of ecological principles in controlling forest establishment, composition, health and growth. Study of cultural treatments that maintain and enhance desired benefits from the forest on a sustainable basis, with an emphasis on the diverse needs and values of landowners and society within the exurban forest.

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3535. Remote Sensing of the Environment

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 2000 or equivalent.

Grading Basis: Graded

The principles of the interpretation of remote sensing imagery acquired from aircraft and satellite platforms will be studied. Applications of remote sensing to natural resources and the environment will be discussed.

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3674. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resources of China

1.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Basics about the environmental and natural resources of China, including geography, climate, agriculture, history and culture.

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3675. Environmental and Natural Resources of China

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to Juniors or higher; advanced sophomores (above 50 credits) may be considered. Recommended preparation: NRE 3674.

Grading Basis: Graded

Introduction to the environment of China, focusing on the management and sustainability of natural resources and environmental systems. A field trip to China is required.

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3690. Field Study Internship

1.00 - 6.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory

Designed to acquaint students through actual work experience with research and management activities not available on campus. Students will work with professionals in an area of concentration. Student evaluation will be based upon the recommendation of the field supervisor and a detailed written report submitted by the student. This course may be repeated provided that the sum total of credits earned does not exceed six. Students taking this course will be assigned a final grade of S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory).

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3693. Foreign Studies in Natural Resources

1.00 - 6.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Courses taken in Natural Resources and related areas as part of an approved Study Abroad Program. Students may only count a maximum combined credit total of 6 credits toward the Natural Resource major of foreign study, Independent Study and Internship credits. May be repeated for credit.

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3699. Independent Study

1.00 - 6.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

May be repeated for credit.

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4000W. Natural Resources Planning and Management

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Senior standing; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open only to Natural Resources and Environmental Science majors, or by instructor consent.

Grading Basis: Graded

Concepts and methods of planning for the allocation, management and utilization of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Techniques and methods of managerial decision making. Written technical reports required.

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4094. Seminar

1.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: Open only to senior Natural Resources majors, others with consent of instructor.

Grading Basis: Graded

May be repeated for credit.

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4135. Introduction to Ground Water Hydrology

Also offered as: GSCI 4735

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: GSCI 1050, or both GSCI 1052 and one of GSCI 1010, 1051, 1055, or 1070; open to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Basic hydrologic principles with emphasis on ground water flow and quality, geologic relationships, quantitative analysis and field methods. Occasional field trips.

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4165. Soil and Water Management and Engineering

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended Preparation: NRME 3125 or CE 4820.

Grading Basis: Graded

Floodplain management, erosion and erosion control, reservoir management, storm water control, watershed management, and on-site sewage treatment systems. Written technical reports, use of spreadsheets and field work required. Some field trips required.

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4170. Climate-Human-Ecosystem Interactions

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: introductory courses in climate and environmental science.

Grading Basis: Graded

Understanding pathways of interactions among climate change, ecological processes, and human activities through time are studied. Feedbacks that either reinforce or limit such interactions will also be discussed.

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4335. Fisheries Management

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: STAT 1000 or higher; open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3385W.

Grading Basis: Graded

Introduction to fisheries management principles with application to the biotic, habitat, and human components of fisheries. Selected topics include harvest regulations, stocking, population dynamics, endangered species, and habitat management practices in coastal and freshwater fisheries. Students will practice interpreting fisheries data which can inform the adaptive management of and regulation decision making in fisheries.

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4340. Ecotoxicology

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: a course in chemistry and biology.

Grading Basis: Graded

Understanding the fate and effects of environmental contaminants. Major classes of contaminants and their sources, uptake, biotransformation, elimination, bioaccumulation, biomagnification and toxicological effects in organisms will be covered. Discussions are focused around case studies, readings, and class presentations that further explore toxicant exposures and responses in ecosystems.

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4370. Population Dynamics

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open to juniors or higher. Advanced sophomores (above 50 credits) may be considered. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100Q, MATH 1060Q, and MATH 1110Q or higher, and NRE 3345.

Grading Basis: Graded

How population dynamics models are used in science and in the management of fish and wildlife populations, factors influencing population dynamics. Design, evaluation, and use of a population model.

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4390. Fundamentals of Tropical Biology

Also offered as: EEB 4390

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Taught in Costa Rica. Fundamental principles of tropical biology, the natural history of local ecosystems, and field methods for biological studies. Natural, tropical ecosystems are used as the platform to develop hypotheses and methods, analyze data, and present the results of scientific projects. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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4425. Fundamentals of Urban and Community Forestry

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: NRE 2415 and 3425.

Grading Basis: Graded

The theory, science and practice of evaluating and managing urban trees and forest resources, recognizing urban forest resources as part of socio-ecological economic systems.

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4475. Forest Management

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2415; open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3500.

Grading Basis: Graded

Application of forest mensuration, ecology, and silviculture in sustainable forest managment. Field trips required.

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4490. Tropical Biology on a Changing Planet

Also offered as: EEB 4490

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Taught in Costa Rica or South Africa. Fundamental principles of tropical biology and natural history of local plants and animals. Coursework highlights ecological complexity of the tropics, patterns of species diversity, and species interactions. Field visits to a variety of ecosystems including tropical wet forest, dry forest/wetland, premontane wet forest, cloud forest, paramo, oak forest, mangrove forest, or coastal marine. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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4535. Remote Sensing Image Processing

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2000 or 3535; open to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

The principles of quantitative remote sensing, image processing and pattern recognition will be studied. Computer-assisted data analysis techniques will be used.

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4544. Land Surveying for Environmental Management and Planning

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: Recommended preparation: NRE 2000.

Grading Basis: Graded

Use of spirit levels and total stations for high-accuracy land measurement, with applications to common practices in natural resource management and planning. Students will learn to perform control surveys and to create detailed maps from the control surveys.

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4545. Geodesy

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: NRE 2000. Recommended preparation: NRE 4544.

Grading Basis: Graded

Horizontal and vertical geodetic datums, proper integration of spatial information collected in disparate datums, distortions created by cartographic projections, and proper use of standard cartographic coordinate systems. Integration of observations from opto-mechanical instruments such as total stations with Global Navigation Satellite System observations.

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4575. Natural Resource Applications of GIS

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Principles and applications of computer-assisted spatial data analysis in natural resources management. Hypothetical and actual case studies of the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to solve natural resource problems will be discussed. Raster- and vector-oriented, microcomputer-based GIS software will be applied.

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4601. Current Topics in Environmental and Natural Resources - Honors

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Open only to Junior or higher Honors students. Not open to students who have completed NRE 4600.

Grading Basis: Honors Credit

An exploration of a diverse set of environmental and natural resource topics that will be examined using a continuum of applied-to-theoretical approaches. Each week, readings will introduce and familiarize students with a guest lecturer's research and allow students to engage in an in-depth discussion with each lecturer prior to attending their seminar. Honors students will meet for an hour after each seminar and will include student-led discussion and presentations on the seminar research topic.

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4665. Natural Resources Modeling

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: MATH 1120 or higher; open only to Natural Resources majors, others with instructor consent; open to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Applications of conservation of mass, energy and momentum in modeling natural resources systems. Defining systems; determining flows and storages; interactions and feedback mechanisms within systems. Problem oriented course including computer solutions using spreadsheets or modeling programs.

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4689. Undergraduate Research in Natural Resources

2.00 - 6.00 credits | May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Field or laboratory research performed by the advanced undergraduate student in an area of natural resources under the supervision of a NRE faculty member. A report and/or an oral presentation will be required at the end of the semester. May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credits.

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4695. Special Topics

1.00 - 6.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: Open only to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Topics and credits to be published prior to the registration period preceding the semester offerings. May be repeated for credit with a change of topic.

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4697W. Undergraduate Research Thesis in Natural Resources

3.00 credits

Prerequisites: Three credits of either NRE 3699 or 4689, which may be taken concurrently; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open to juniors or higher.

Grading Basis: Graded

Writing of a formal thesis based on independent research conducted by the student. Thesis proposal and final thesis must follow guidelines developed by the Department; and be submitted to, and approved by, a department review committee.

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4990. Directed Field Experience

Also offered as: EEB 4990

4.00 credits

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

Taught in Costa Rica or South Africa. An introduction to research design, field methods, and basic data analysis in a tropical context. Hypothesis testing and statistical analysis, including orientation to basic software packages. Students design, implement, and analyze data for their own field projects. This course is offered in partnership with the Organization for Tropical Studies.

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4998. Variable Topics

1.00 credits | May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisites: None.

Grading Basis: Graded

With a change of topic, may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites and recommended preparation vary.

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