Natural Resources and the Environment (NRE)

Department Head: Professor John Volin

Department Office: Room 227D, W.B. Young Building

For major requirements, see the College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources section of this Catalog.

1000. Environmental Science

Three credits. Ortega, Rudnicki

An introduction to basic concepts and areas of environmental concern and how these problems can be effectively addressed. Topics include human population; ecological principles; conservation of biological resources; biodiversity; croplands, rangelands, forestlands, soil and water conservation; pollution and water management; and wildlife and fisheries conservation. CA 3.

1235. Environmental Conservation

Three credits. Lecture and discussion. Vokoun

Overview of the history of natural resource use and environmental conservation policy development from prehistoric to present times. Examination of the emergence of the 20th century conservation movement in North America and the transition to the environmental movement is used to highlight recurring environmental issue themes such as: private ownership vs. public trust doctrine; commercial trade in natural resources; development vs. protection; sustainability; and the role of society and governments in regulation. Through selected readings and case studies, students are challenged to begin development of their personal ethics regarding the development, conservation and protection of the environment. CA 1.

2000. Introduction to Geomatics

Four credits. Three lecture periods and one laboratory period. Civco, Meyer

Principles and applications of geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning system (GPS), and remote sensing. Students will be provided with the scientific knowledge and technical skills needed to collect and use spatial data effectively in a GIS.

2010. Natural Resources Measurements

Three credits. Two class periods and one 2-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Open only to Natural Resources majors or by instructor consent. Field trips required. Clausen

Principles and instrumentation used in the measurement of environmental conditions and processes.

2215. Introduction to Water Resources

(Formerly offered as NRE 3218 and as NRME 3218.) Three credits. Three class periods and two field trips (two virtual field trips if taken online). Prerequisite: Open to sophomores or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 1000 and GSCI 1050. Robbins

Introduction to surface and ground water resource assessment, development and management. Integration of scientific, legal, environmental and human factors that enter into developing and maintaining sustainable water resources. Examines current and future plight of water shortages and water quality issues here and abroad.

2345. Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife

Three credits. Ortega, Vokoun

An introduction to the basic principles used in the management of wildlife and fish populations, their habitats and ecosystems, and their human stewards. Students will be introduced to the fundamental concepts, topics, and skill sets that are commonly needed in the wildlife and fisheries profession.

2415. Dendrology

Three credits. Two class periods and one 3-hour laboratory period. Recommended preparation: BIOL 1108 or 1110. Worthley

The taxonomy, silvics, and distribution of trees and shrubs of the United States with emphasis upon Northeastern species. Field trips will be required.

2455. Forest Ecology

(Formerly offered as NRE 4455 and NRME 4455.) Three credits. Two class periods and one 3-hour laboratory. Recommended preparation: NRE 2415, which may be taken concurrently. Rudnicki

Forest structure and functional processes and their relation to physical environment (light, temperature, water, soil); the influence of time (succession, disturbance, stand dynamics) and space (landscape ecology, ecosystem management). Laboratory will be in the field or computer lab.

2600. Global Sustainable Natural Resources

Three credits. Helton, Rittenhouse

Sustainable management of natural resources across cultural, political, and ecological boundaries. Topics include marine and freshwaters, forests, food production and urban development. CA 4-INT.

3000. Human Dimensions of Natural Resources

(Formerly offered as NRE 3246.) Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor. Morzillo

Understanding the diverse perspectives of stakeholder groups involved in natural resources management. Analysis of decision-making behaviors based on social, psychological, and motivational factors; communication tools for working with stakeholder groups; and conflict resolution will be covered.

3105. Wetlands Biology and Conservation

Three credits. Three class periods and one weekend field trip. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: BIOL 1107 and 1108. Clausen

Principal wetland habitats of North America are surveyed, and the relationship of wildlife associations to biological and physical features of wetlands is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on issues relating to wetlands conservation and management.

3115. Air Pollution

Three credits. Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3145 or 3416. Anyah

The meteorology, effects and controls of air pollution.

3125. Watershed Hydrology

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 2010. Warner

Fundamental hydrologic processes, water balances, precipitation analyses, infiltration, soil water, evapotranspiration, open channel flow, discharge measurements, and analysis, flow frequencies, ground water-surface water interactions, runoff processes and prediction. Problem oriented course requiring use of computer spreadsheets.

3145. Meteorology

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Yang

A survey course in meteorology at the introductory level covering weather and climate processes.

3146. Climatology

Three credits. Yang

Fundamentals of climatology: elements, processes, and mechanisms that govern or affect the climate and climate change, climatological theories and observations, climate across spatial and temporal scales, scientific methods for climatic analysis and applications.

3155. Water Quality Management

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3125 or NRE 4165. Clausen

An introduction to all aspects of water quality problems relating to the many beneficial uses of water, including the physical, chemical, and biological properties.

3201. Conservation Law Enforcement

Three credits.

Basic pre-professional course for majors in natural resource conservation and related disciplines. Recommended for persons considering a career in wildlife, fisheries, law enforcement, or other natural resource conservation and management disciplines.

3205. Stream Ecology

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: BIOL 1108 or equivalent. Vokoun

A broad overview of stream ecology will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on types of lotic habitats and the diversity and community patterns of organisms which inhabit them. Adaptations to life in running water and energy flow in stream ecosystems will also be discussed. Efforts targeted at the conservation of streams will be integrated throughout the semester. One or more field trips required.

3245. Environmental Law

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher.

An overview of environmental law including the common law principles of nuisance, negligence, and trespass. Students will become acquainted with legal research techniques; emphasis will be on federal, state, and municipal programs addressing clear air, clean water, hazardous waste, inland wetlands, coastal zone management, and prime agricultural farm land and aquifer protection.

3265. Sustainable Urban Ecosystems

Three credits. Recommended preparation: prior coursework in environmental conservation. Morzillo

Natural resources in urban systems from the perspectives of natural science and social science. Managing ecosystems in and in relation to urban environments.

3305. African Field Ecology and Renewable Resources Management

(Also offered as EEB 3307 and EEB 5307.) Four credits. One class period during the semester, followed by three weeks in the field in South Africa. Prerequisite: Instructor consent required. Recommended preparation: EEB 2244. Ortega

An intensive, field oriented methods course conducted primarily in South Africa at the Basil Kent Field Station, Great Fish River Reserve in collaboration with the University of Fort Hare. An introduction to South African culture and history, ecology, and natural resources is provided in weekly meetings during the semester. This is followed by approximately three weeks in the field in South Africa (a required part of the course). Topics covered include vegetation and faunal surveys, data collection and analysis, biodiversity monitoring, and conservation management, and other selected themes. A research paper relating to an independent project conducted by the student in the field is required. CA 4-INT.

3335. Wildlife Management

Three credits. Prerequisite: NRE 2345. Recommended preparation: Prior course work in ecology. Ortega

Brief review of wildlife conservation and ecological principles; management of wetlands, farmlands, rangelands, and forest lands for wildlife; programs dealing with exotic, urban, nongame, and endangered wildlife; contemporary economic, administrative, and policy aspects of management.

3345. Wildlife Management Techniques

Four credits. Three class periods and one 3-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: NRE 2345; open to junior or higher Natural Resources majors, others by instructor consent. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100Q; MATH 1060Q and MATH 1110Q or higher; and EEB 2244. One or more field trips will be required.

Design and implementation of projects for wildlife research and monitoring that address conservation and management issues. Topics include capture and handling of animals, population estimation, wildlife-habitat relationships, resource selection, and space use. This course is designed for pre-professional students and meets professional certification requirements.

3345W. Wildlife Management Techniques

Prerequisite: NRE 2345; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open to junior or higher Natural Resources majors, others by instructor consent. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100Q; MATH 1060Q and MATH 1110Q or higher; and EEB 2244. One or more field trips will be required.

3365. Private Lands Wildlife Management

Three credits. Two class periods and one 3-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: One 2000-level or above course in ecology or wildlife management; open to juniors or higher.

Companion course for Public Lands Wildlife Management (NRE 3355). Provides practical experience and acquaintance with persons or groups managing wildlife resources on private properties such as nature preserves, land trusts, non-governmental organizations, farms, recreational clubs, commercial shooting preserves and propagation facilities. Appreciation for private land management options, economic realities and other challenges, plus ability to assess resource potentials on private land, are stressed. Field trips required.

3500. Exurban Silviculture

Four credits. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: NRE 2415. Recommended preparation: NRE 2455. Rudnicki

Application of ecological principles in controlling forest establishment, composition, health and growth. Study of cultural treatments that maintain and enhance desired benefits from the forest on a sustainable basis, with an emphasis on the diverse needs and values of landowners and society within the exurban forest.

3535. Remote Sensing of the Environment

Three credits. Three class periods. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 2000 or equivalent. Civco

The principles of the interpretation of remote sensing imagery acquired from aircraft and satellite platforms will be studied. Applications of remote sensing to natural resources and the environment will be discussed.

3674. Introduction to Environmental and Natural Resources of China

One credit. Yang

Basics about the environmental and natural resources of China, including geography, climate, agriculture, history and culture.

3675. Environmental and Natural Resources of China

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; advanced sophomores (above 50 credits) may be considered. Recommended preparation: NRE 3674. Yang

Introduction to the environment of China, focusing on the management and sustainability of natural resources and environmental systems. A field trip to China is required.

3690. Field Study Internship

One to six credits. Hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher with consent of advisor and department head. This course may be repeated provided that the sum total of credits earned does not exceed six. Students taking this course will be assigned a final grade of S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory).

Designed to acquaint students through actual work experience with research and management activities not available on campus. Students will work with professionals in an area of concentration. Student evaluation will be based upon the recommendation of the field supervisor and a detailed written report submitted by the student.

3693. Foreign Studies in Natural Resources

Variable (1-6) credits. Hours by arrangement. May be repeated for credit; may count up to 6 credits toward major with consent of advisor and Department Head. Prerequisite: Department Head consent required prior to study abroad. Students may only count a maximum combined credit total of 6 credits toward the Natural Resource major of foreign study, Independent Study and Internship credits.

Courses taken in Natural Resources and related areas as part of an approved Education Abroad Program.

3699. Independent Study

Credits and hours by arrangement. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor.

4000W. Natural Resources Planning and Management

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open only to Natural Resources and Environmental Science majors, or by instructor consent; senior standing; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011.

Concepts and methods of planning for the allocation, management, and utilization of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Techniques and methods of managerial decision making. Written technical reports required.

4094. Seminar

One credit. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor. Volin

4135. Introduction to Ground-Water Hydrology

(Also offered as GSCI 4735.) Four credits. Three class periods and one 3-hour laboratory for which occasional field trips will be substituted. Prerequisite: GSCI 1050; or GSCI 1051 and 1052; or instructor consent; open to juniors or higher. Robbins

Basic hydrologic principles with emphasis on ground water flow and quality, geologic relationships, quantitative analysis and field methods.

4165. Soil and Water Management and Engineering

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3125 or ENVE 4820. Warner

Floodplain management, erosion and erosion control, reservoir management, storm water control, watershed management, and on-site sewage treatment systems. Written technical reports, use of spreadsheets and field work required. Some field trips required.

4170. Climate-Human-Ecosystem Interactions

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: introductory courses in climate and environmental science. Anyah

Understanding pathways of interactions among climate change, ecological processes, and human activities through time are studied. Feedbacks that either reinforce or limit such interactions will also be discussed.

4335. Fisheries Management

Four credits. Three class periods and one 3-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: STAT 1000Q or higher; open to juniors or higher. Vokoun

Introduction to fisheries management principles with application to the biotic, habitat, and human components of fisheries. Selected topics include sampling gears, harvest regulations, stocking, population dynamics, and habitat management practices in ponds, lake, reservoir, river, and stream fisheries.

4340. Ecotoxicology

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: A course in chemistry and biology. McKinney

Understanding the fate and effects of environmental contaminants. Major classes of contaminants and their sources, uptake, biotransformation, elimination, bioaccumulation, biomagnification and toxicological effects in organisms will be covered. Discussions are focused around case studies, readings, and class presentations that further explore toxicant exposures and responses in ecosystems.

4370. Population Dynamics

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; advanced sophomores (above 50 credits) may be considered. Recommended preparation: STAT 1100Q, MATH 1060Q , and MATH 1110Q or higher, and NRE 3345. Rittenhouse

How population dynamics models are used in science and in the management of fish and wildlife populations, factors influencing population dynamics. Design, evaluation, and use of a population model.

4475. Forest Management

(Formerly offered as NRE 3475 and as NRME 3475.) Four credits. Two 1½-hour lectures and one 4-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: NRE 2415; open to juniors or higher. Recommended preparation: NRE 3500.

Application of forest mensuration, ecology, and silviculture in sustainable forest management. Field trips required.

4535. Remote Sensing Image Processing

Three credits. Two class periods and one 2-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: NRE 2000 or 3535; open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor. Civco

The principles of quantitative remote sensing, image processing and pattern recognition will be studied. Computer-assisted data analysis techniques will be used.

4544. Application of Surveying for Natural Resources

Three credits. Two class periods and one 2-hour laboratory period. Fieldwork required. Meyer

Use of optomechanical instruments (spirit levels and total stations) for high-accuracy land measurement, with applications to common problems in natural resource management such as transect layout. Students will learn to perform control surveys and to create detailed maps from the control surveys.

4545. Geodesy

Three credits. Three lecture class periods. Prerequisite: NRE 2000. Recommended preparation: NRE 4544. Meyer

Horizontal and vertical geodetic datums, proper integration of spatial information collected in disparate datums, distortions created by cartographic projections, and proper use of standard cartographic coordinate systems. Integration of observations from optomechanical instruments (such as total stations) with Global Navigation Satellite System observations.

4575. Natural Resource Applications of Geographic Information Systems

Four credits. Three class periods and one 2-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher. Civco

Principles and applications of computer-assisted spatial data analysis in natural resources management. Hypothetical and actual case studies of the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to solve natural resource problems will be discussed. Raster- and vector-oriented, microcomputer-based GIS software will be applied.

4601. Current Topics in Environmental and Natural Resources – Honors

Three credits. Prerequisite: Open only to juniors or higher; open only to Honors students. Not open to students who have completed NRE 4600. Volin

An exploration of a diverse set of environmental and natural resource topics that will be examined using a continuum of applied-to-theoretical approaches. Each week, readings will introduce and familiarize students with a guest lecturer’s research and allow students to engage in an in-depth discussion with each lecturer prior to attending their seminar. Honors students will meet for an hour after each seminar and will include student-led discussion and presentations on the seminar research topic.

4665. Natural Resources Modeling

Three credits. Prerequisite: MATH 1120Q or higher; open to juniors or higher; open only to natural resource majors except by consent. Clausen, Warner

Applications of conservation of mass, energy and momentum in modeling natural resources systems. Defining systems; determining flows and storages; interactions and feedback mechanisms within systems. Problem oriented course including computer solutions using spreadsheets or modeling programs.

4689. Undergraduate Research in Natural Resources

Credits and hours by arrangement. May be repeated for credit for maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor.

Field or laboratory research performed by the advanced undergraduate student in an area of natural resources under the supervision of a NRE faculty member. A report and/or an oral presentation will be required at the end of the semester.

4695. Special Topics

Credits and hours by arrangement. May be repeated for credit with a change of topic. Prerequisite: Open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor.

Topics and credits to be published prior to the registration period preceding the semester offerings.

4697W. Undergraduate Research Thesis in Natural Resources

Three credits. Hours by arrangement. Prerequisite: Three credits of either NRE 3699 or 4689, which may be taken concurrently; ENGL 1010 or 1011 or 2011; open to juniors or higher; open only with consent of instructor.

Writing of a formal thesis based on independent research conducted by the student. Thesis proposal and final thesis must follow guidelines developed by the Department; and be submitted to, and approved by, a department review committee.

4998. Variable Topics

1-6 credits. With a change of topic, may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites and recommended preparation vary.

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